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Used Fuel Disposition R&D Documents

December 9, 2013
Natural System Evaluation and Tool Development: International Collaborations – FY’13 Progress Report

Active participation in international R&D is crucial for achieving the Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition long-term goals of conducting experiments to fill data needs and confirm advanced modeling approaches and of having a robust modeling and experimental basis for evaluation of multiple disposal system options.

December 4, 2013
Preliminary Report on Dual-Purpose Canister Disposal Alternatives (FY13)

This report documents the first phase of a multi-year project to understand the technical feasibility and logistical implications of direct disposal of spent nuclear fuel in existing dual-purpose canisters (DPCs) and other types of storage casks.

November 27, 2013
Enhancements to Generic Disposal System Modeling Capabilities Rev2

Contributions are described for the development of an enhanced generic disposal system modeling and analysis capability that takes advantage of high-performance computing (HPC) environments to simulate the important multi-physics phenomena and couplings associated with a geologic repository for UNF and HLW.

October 25, 2013
Deep Borehole Disposal Research: Demonstration Site Selection Guidelines, Borehole Seals Design, and RD&D Needs

Deep borehole disposal is one alternative for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive waste forms; identifying a site or areas with favorable geological, hydrogeological, and geochemical conditions is one of the first steps to a demonstration project.

October 17, 2013
Used Fuel Degradation: Experimental and Modeling Report

The report describes the strategy for coupling process level models to produce an integrated Used Fuel Degradation Model (FDM), and addresses fractional degradation rate, instant release fractions, other continuum modeling approaches, and experimental support.

September 30, 2013
Data Report on Corrosion Testing of Stainless Steel SNF Storage Canisters

The report assesses the localized corrosion performance of container/cask materials used in the interim storage of used nuclear fuel.

September 30, 2013
Coupled Model for Heat and Water Transport in a High Level Waste Repository in Salt

This report summarizes efforts to simulate coupled thermal-hydrological-chemical (THC) processes occurring within a generic hypothetical high-level waste (HLW) repository in bedded salt.

September 30, 2013
Embrittlement and DBTT of High-Burnup PWR Fuel Cladding Alloys

Structural analyses of high-burnup (HBU) fuel require cladding mechanical properties and failure limits to assess fuel behavior during long-term dry-cask storage and transportation.

September 30, 2013
Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport – Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization

This report provides results of the initial demonstration of the modeling capability developed to perform preliminary deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and transport (NCT).

September 30, 2013
FY 2013 Summary Report: Post-Irradiation Examination of Zircaloy-4 Samples in Target Capsules and Initiation of Bending Fatigue Testing for Used Nuclear Fuel Vibration Integrity Investigations

This study contributes to investigation and better understanding of cladding (High Flux Isotope Reactor used to simulate the effects of high burnup on fuel cladding) materials performance in extended storage and transportation through the conduct of small scale and separate effects tests (SET).

September 27, 2013
EBS Model Development and Evaluation Report

Enginerred Barrier Systems (EBS) model evaluation and development is fundamental to the design and analysis of disposal concepts for generic repository systems; this report centers on progress made on modeling and experimental approaches to analyze physical and chemical interactions affecting clay barrier performance.

September 25, 2013
Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories

Experiments were used to examine water content in Permian salt samples including impact of variation in thermal regime on water content of evaporites and other mineral species, behavior of brine inclusions in salt, and evolution of the gas/liquid brine/salt system.

September 15, 2013
Experimental and Modeling Investigation of Radionuclide Interaction and Transport in Representative Geologic Media

This work on the natural barrier system is conducted to reduce uncertainty in natural system performance and to fully exploit the credits that can be taken for the natural system barrier; several potential enhancements to describing barrier performance capabilities are presented.

August 30, 2013
Model for Simulation of Hydride Precipitation in Zr-Based Used Fuel Claddings: A Status Report on Current Model Capabilities

The report demonstrates a meso-scale, microstructural evolution model for simulation of zirconium hydride precipitation in the cladding of used fuels during long-term dry-storage.

August 30, 2013
Report on THMC Modeling of the Near Field Evolution of a Generic Clay Repository: Model Validation and Demonstration Rev 2

Shale and clay-rich rock formations have been considered as potential host rocks for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste throughout the world: modeling thermal, hydrological, mechanical, and chemical (THMC) of the near field of generic clay repository is discussed.

August 14, 2013
Generic Deep Geologic Disposal Safety Case

The Generic Deep Geologic Disposal Safety Case presents generic information that is of use in understanding potential deep geologic disposal options (e.g., salt, shale, granite, deep borehole) in the U.S. for used nuclear fuel (UNF) from reactors and high-level radioactive waste (HLW).

July 29, 2013
Establishing the Technical Basis for Disposal of Heat-generating Waste in Salt

The report summarizes available historic tests and the developed technical basis for disposal of heat-generating waste in salt, and the means by which a safety case for disposal of heat generating waste at a generic salt site can be initiated from the existing technical basis.

June 30, 2013
Fuel Assembly Shaker Test for Determining Loads on a PWR Assembly under Surrogate Normal Conditions of Truck Transport R0.1

Results of testing employing surrogate instrumented rods (non-high-burnup, 17 x 17 PWR fuel assembly) to capture the response to the loadings experienced during normal conditions of transport indicate that strain- or stress-based failure of fuel rods seems unlikely; performance of high-burnup fuels continues to be assessed.

May 31, 2013
RD&D Study Plan for Advancement of Science and Engineering Supporting Geologic Disposal in Bedded Salt— March 2013 Workshop Outcomes

This report describes RD&D activities to support a safety case for disposal of heat generating radioactive waste (used nuclear fuel, high-level nuclear waste) in a generic bedded salt repository based on interactions from March, 2013 Workshop.

April 30, 2013
Hydride Rim Formation in Unirradiated Zircaloy

The purpose of this work is to develop the means of pre-hydriding unirradiated Zircaloy cladding such that a high concentration, or rim, of hydrides is formed at the cladding outside diameter.

April 30, 2013
Viability of Existing INL Facilities for Dry Storage Cask Handling R1

This report evaluates existing capabilities at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to determine if a practical and cost effective method could be developed for handling and opening full-sized dry storage casks in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's plan for confirmatory dry storage project for high burnup fuel.

April 1, 2013
Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan

Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository.

February 14, 2013
Proceedings of 3rd US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation

The report provides summary and materials from the third U.S./German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design and Operation (held in New Mexico, October 2012).

December 30, 2012
Fluid Flow Model Development for Representative Geologic Media

Clay and granitic geologic rock units are potential host media for future repositories for used nuclear fuel and high level waste. This report addresses the representation of flow in these two media within numerical process (discrete fracture network) models.

December 30, 2012
Categorization of Used Nuclear Fuel Inventory in Support of a Comprehensive National Nuclear Fuel Cycle Strategy

The Office of Nuclear Energy has conducted a technical review and assessment of the total current inventory [~70,150 MTHM as of 2011] of domestic discharged used nuclear fuel (UNF) and estimated an amount to be considered for retention in support of research, development, demonstration, and national security interests.