You are here

Fact #876: June 8, 2015 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration by State, 2014

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The first mass marketed PEVs were introduced in 2010 with the Nissan Leaf, which is a BEV, and the Chevrolet Volt, which is a PHEV. After four years of sales, California had the most PEV registrations of any state with 3.25 PEVs per thousand people. Hawaii had the second highest concentration of PEVs followed by Washington and Georgia. Georgia is noteworthy because it had the fourth highest concentration of PEVs in a region where neighboring states had significantly fewer PEVs relative to their populations. Georgia’s higher number of PEV registrations is likely a reflection of generous state incentives for the purchase of electric vehicles. Mississippi had the fewest PEV registrations of any state relative to population.

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Registrations per Thousand People by State, 2014

Map of the U.S. showing plug-in electric vehicle registrations per thousand people by state for the year 2014.

Notes:
PEV – Plug-in electric vehicle (Includes BEV and PHEV).
BEV – Battery electric vehicle (Also referred to as an all-electric vehicle).
PHEV – Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (Has a gasoline engine as a backup for when the battery is depleted).
PEV registrations include all PEVs under 10,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight registered in the state in July 2014.

Fact #876 Dataset

Supporting Information

Plug-in Electric Light Vehicle Registrations and Population by State, 2014
State PEV Registrations Population Estimates PEV Registrations per Thousand People
Alabama 773 4,849,377 0.16
Alaska 155 736,732 0.21
Arizona 4,361 6,731,484 0.65
Arkansas 374 2,966,369 0.13
California 126,283 38,802,500 3.25
Colorado 4,001 5,355,866 0.75
Connecticut 2,476 3,596,677 0.69
Delaware 383 935,614 0.41
District of Columbia 493 658,893 0.75
Florida 10,383 19,893,297 0.52
Georgia 15,551 10,097,343 1.54
Hawaii 3,050 1,419,561 2.15
Idaho 409 1,634,464 0.25
Illinois 6,694 12,880,580 0.52
Indiana 1,697 6,596,855 0.26
Iowa 928 3,107,126 0.30
Kansas 750 2,904,021 0.26
Kentucky 701 4,413,457 0.16
Louisiana 527 4,649,676 0.11
Maine 695 1,330,089 0.52
Maryland 5,028 5,976,407 0.84
Massachusetts 4,612 6,745,408 0.68
Michigan 8,844 9,909,877 0.89
Minnesota 2,775 5,457,173 0.51
Mississippi 201 2,994,079 0.07
Missouri 1,859 6,063,589 0.31
Montana 362 1,023,579 0.35
Nebraska 579 1,881,503 0.31
Nevada 1,509 2,839,099 0.53
New Hampshire 761 1,326,813 0.57
New Jersey 6,021 8,938,175 0.67
New Mexico 637 2,085,572 0.31
New York 11,278 19,746,227 0.57
North Carolina 3,384 9,943,964 0.34
North Dakota 91 739,482 0.12
Ohio 3,814 11,594,163 0.33
Oklahoma 806 3,878,051 0.21
Oregon 5,681 3,970,239 1.43
Pennsylvania 4,540 12,787,209 0.36
Rhode Island 417 1,055,173 0.40
South Carolina 1,056 4,832,482 0.22
South Dakota 160 853,175 0.19
Tennessee 2,730 6,549,352 0.42
Texas 9,925 26,956,958 0.37
Utah 1,565 2,942,902 0.53
Vermont 840 626,562 1.34
Virginia 3,628 8,326,289 0.44
Washington 12,291 7,061,530 1.74
West Virginia 271 1,850,326 0.15
Wisconsin 2,429 5,757,564 0.42
Wyoming 73 584,153 0.12
All 278,851 318,857,056 0.87

Sources: PEV registrations - National Renewable Energy Laboratory analysis, R.L. Polk, POLK_VIO_DETAIL_2014, May 2015.
Population - U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates, State Totals: Vintage 2014. Argonne National Laboratory estimated population through July 2014 to match the registration data.

Return to 2015 Facts of the Week