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Policy Standards, Guidance and Statutes

Atomic Energy Act (AEA) of 1954

The purpose of the Atomic Energy Act (42 U.S.C. Sect. 2011 - Sect. 2259) (AEA) is to assure the proper management of source, special nuclear, and byproduct material. The AEA and the statutes that amended it delegate the control of nuclear energy primarily to DOE, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) , and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Click here or on AEA title for more information

DOE Standards

  • DOE STD-1196-2011, Derived Concentration Technical Standard  Complements and supports the implementation of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. It establishes the numerical values of Derived Contecntration technical standads DCSs and new internal dose coefficents for the ingestion of water, inhalations and submersion in air, all in a manner reflecting the current state of knowledge and practice in radiation protection.
  • ALARA Handbook: DOE-HDBK-1215-2014 Optimizing Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment for Use With DOE O 458.1, ALARA  The purpose of the ALARA Handbook (below) is to provide guidance for implementing and complying with the current As low as Reasonaly Achievable (ALARA) requirements of DOE O 458.1, 4.d. for the development and application of a program to keep radiation exposures of the public and releases of radioactive material to the environment from DOE activities as low as is reasonably achievable. That is, an ALARA program means the set of design specifications, operating procedures, techniques, monitoring and surveillance programs, records, and instructions used to implement the ALARA process. ALARA process means a logical procedure for evaluating alternative operations, processes, and other measures, designed to reduce exposures to radiation and emissions of radioactive material into the environment, taking into account societal, environmental, technological, economic, practical, and public policy considerations to make a judgment concerning the optimum level of public health protection. The term radiological protection, is used in this document in the broad sense in that it includes, among other things, the design and operation of those processing components whose function is to remove radioactive material from waste streams which become part of the effluent releases to the environment or to constitute other sources of exposure of members of the public.
  • DOE-STD-1153-2002 A Graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestial Biota:
    • Module I: Principals and Application
    • Module II: Detailed Guidance
    • Module III: Methods and Derivation

Surface Contamination Guidelines/Radiological Clearance of Property.

Under DOE O 458.1 the approved surface contamination guidelines are presented in Table IV-1, DOE O 5400.5 (Predecessor of DOE O 458.1) or alternatively Draft DOE G 441.1-XX, Implementation Guide: Control and Release of Property with Residual Radioactive Materials.

DOE/EH-0173T, Environmental Regulatory Guide for Radiological Effluent Monitoring and Environmental Surveillance

Radioactive Waste Management

DOE Institutional Controls

Federal Environmental Laws