The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) manages several programs pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), as amended, that regulate and guide specific types of fleets with the goal of reducing the United States’ petroleum consumption.
EERE’s Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) implements activities under the EPAct Alternative Fuel Transportation Program. This compliance program works with covered fleets – which include state and alternative fuel provider fleets (e.g., utilities) – to reduce petroleum consumption and increase the use of alternative fuels.
The EPAct Alternative Fuel Transportation Program promulgated a final rule in March 2014 that expands the opportunities for fleets to receive credit towards compliance under the Program. Under the rule, which is derived from Section 133 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), fleets subject to the Program may earn credit for the acquisition of vehicles for which they previously could not earn credit. This group of vehicles includes hybrid electric vehicles, certain hybrid versions of plug-in electric and fuel cell electric vehicles, and neighborhood electric vehicles. In addition, covered fleets may earn credits for investments in alternative fuel infrastructure, alternative fuel nonroad equipment, and emerging technologies associated with electric drive vehicles. More information on the rule is available on the Program website, which also offers a fact sheet and a webinar.
EERE’s Federal Energy Management Program runs the Sustainable Federal Fleets program, which helps federal government fleets fulfill their petroleum reduction, alternative fuel use, and greenhouse gas emission requirements under EPAct and more recent Executive Orders.
VTO also manages a voluntary alternative fuels program, Clean Cities, which supports local actions to reduce petroleum consumption in transportation. Clean Cities brings together stakeholders in the public and private sectors to deploy alternative and renewable fuels and fuel efficiency measures that help both regulated and non-regulated entities minimize their use of petroleum. The federal government does not regulate the use of alternative fuels or petroleum reduction in private or local / regional government fleets.