EERE leads U.S. researchers and other partners in making transportation cleaner and more efficient through solutions that put electric drive vehicles on the road and replace oil with clean domestic fuels.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funds research, development, and demonstration to help develop sustainable and cost-competitive biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower. For biofuels, DOE has lowered the cost of non-food-based ethanol by more than $7 per gallon since 2001, and it is now projected to be cost competitive with gasoline when ramped up to a commercial scale. DOE is also supporting 25 new biorefineries that are being built throughout the United States.
Looking to the future, DOE is developing advanced "drop-in" biofuels, which take advantage of existing infrastructure by providing nearly identical biobased substitutes for crude oil, gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel. DOE has also made pioneering advances to reduce costs and establish best practices for harvesting, handling, and preprocessing a variety of crops for energy production.
The Bioenergy Technologies Office is focused on forming cost-share partnerships with key stakeholders to develop, demonstrate, and deploy technologies for advanced biofuels production from lignocellulosic and algal biomass.
EERE'S WORK IN BIOENERGY
Processing and Conversion
Developing technologies that can efficiently convert feedstocks into transportation fuels, bioproducts, and biopower
Breaking down technical barriers and promoting sustainable, affordable, and scalable algae-based biofuels
Funding biorefinery projects from the pilot, demonstration, and commercial scales
Applying analytical tools, data, and methodologies to identify research and development pathways that offer the greatest potential for commercialization
Identifying and developing efficient, sustainable, renewable, biological materials for the production of clean energy
Ensuring that efforts to develop bioenergy do not compromise environmental quality or the availability of food, feed, fiber, and water
Designing and developing advanced equipment and systems to reduce cost, improve biomass quality, and increase productivity throughout the biomass logistics chain
Enabling increased use of biomass to generate electricity, heat, and power