In fiscal year (FY) 2014, federal agencies reported energy use to the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) that totals 0.94 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) or "quads" of delivered energy across the three energy sectors:
- Buildings that are subject to statutory energy-reduction requirements
- Buildings that are excluded from the energy-reduction requirements
- Vehicles and equipment.
Energy Consumption, GHG Emissions
Total Energy Consumption by End Use Sector and Type, FY 2014
In FY 2014, the federal government reported 0.94 quads Btu of delivered energy. These 0.94 quads Btu represent 1.6% of the 59.9 quads of delivered energy used in the United States. Jet fuel is the principal source of energy used by the federal government, comprising 44% of all energy consumed (0.41 quads). Electricity and natural gas are also significant energy sources, consisting of 19.3% and 13.3% (0.18 and 0.13 quads), respectively. Energy use is responsible for 97% of the government’s scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
Energy Use Reduction
Facility Energy Intensity Reduction, FY 2003 to FY 2014
In FY 2014, federal agencies reported that buildings subject to the National Energy Conservation Policy Act energy intensity reduction goals collectively decreased energy use per gross square foot (Btu/GSF) by 21% relative to FY 2003. This falls short of the 27% reduction requirement for FY 2014. Although the rate of reduction in energy intensity slowed in FY 2013 and FY 2014, federal agencies achieved the FY 2014 reductions despite less favorable climatic conditions; heating degree days increased by 25.5% between FY 2012 and FY 2014.
Renewable Energy Use
Renewable Energy Use, FY 2008 to FY 2014
The federal government purchased or produced renewable electric energy equivalent to 8.8% of total electricity use in FY 2014. This exceeds the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and Executive Order (E.O.) 13423 (42 U.S.C. § 15852(a)) FY 2014 requirement of using renewable electric energy or the equivalent for at least 7.5% of total electricity use.
Water Use Reduction
Facility Water Use Reduction, FY 2007 to FY 2014
The federal government reduced water use intensity by 20.7% in FY 2014 relative to FY 2007. This exceeds the E.O. 13423 and E.O. 13514 requirement of reducing water consumption intensity (gallons per gross square foot) by 14% relative to the 2007 baseline, 16% by the end of FY 2015, and 26% by FY 2020.
Scope 1 and 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions, FY 2008 to FY 2014
The federal government reduced targeted scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions by 17.4% in FY 2014 relative to FY 2008. This is on track for meeting the E.O. 13514 requirement to reduce government‐wide scope 1 and 2 GHGs from targeted sources by 28% in FY 2020 compared to FY 2008.
Historical Energy Intensity
Historical Facility Energy Intensity, FY 1975 to FY 2014
Since 1975, the federal government has decreased the energy intensity of its buildings by 46%—from 187,244 Btu per square foot to 100,575 Btu per square foot in FY 2014.
For more information, see Federal Progress Toward Energy/Sustainability Goals, which offers an overview of progress made in federal facility energy management and sustainability based on FY 2014 reported findings.
Also see FEMP's Comprehensive Annual Energy Data and Sustainability Performance website where you can view and download:
- Publically available data tables of agency energy and water consumption
- Detailed annual comprehensive greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories by federal agency along with progress toward achieving scope 1 and 2 GHG and scope 3 GHG reduction targets
- Energy costs by end-use sector and efficiency investment information
- Progress toward key goals outlined in the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 8253-8258); Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15852); and Executive Order 13693
- Historical data tables of agency energy use and costs by facility and mobility sectors by energy type are also available for FY 1975 through FY 2013.
Data on this website are compiled from agencies' latest Annual Greenhouse Gas and Sustainability Data Reports and are included in the Annual Reports to Congress on Federal Government Energy Management.
Additional detail about each agency's performance can be found in their Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans.
If you have questions about federal comprehensive annual energy performance data, contact Chris Tremper, 202-586-7632.
Agency data on the energy use, efficiency measures, and benchmarking requirements of Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 432) are also available on the FEMP EISA 432 Compliance Tracking System.