The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for residential freezers, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.
Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR.
Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases
For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for the ENERGY STAR label or visit the ENERGY STAR Product Specifications website. For more information, contact the FEMP point of contact listed at the bottom of this page.
Buying Energy-Efficient Residential Freezers
When buying residential freezers directly from commercial sources, select products that are ENERGY STAR-qualified. For products that do not display the ENERGY STAR logo, check the annual energy use listed on the yellow EnergyGuide label for models that meet requirements.
The Federal supply source for residential freezers is the General Services Administration (GSA), which sells them through its Multiple Awards Schedules program and online shopping network, GSA Advantage! Note that not all residential freezers sold by GSA are ENERGY STAR-qualified, and some that do qualify may not be indicated as ENERGY STAR. When buying freezers through this source, check models against the list of qualified products on the ENERGY STAR website to assure they meet the ENERGY STAR's Product Specification.
These requirements apply to all forms of procurement, including guide and project specifications; construction, renovation, repair, energy service, operation and maintenance (O&M) contracts; lease agreements; and solicitations for offers. Energy performance requirements should be included in all evaluations of solicitation responses. Buyers shall insert the standard clause from FAR section 52.223-15 into contracts and solicitations that deliver, acquire, furnish, or specify energy-consuming products for use in Federal facilities. Agencies can claim an exception to these requirements through a written finding that no ENERGY STAR-qualified or FEMP-designated product is life-cycle cost effective for a specific application.
Select a freezer size and type that is appropriate for the amount of food or material stored. An oversized freezer will increase purchase costs, require more space, and waste energy because of unused capacity. Chest freezers are more efficient than upright models because they typically have more insulation and cold air does not sink out of them when they are opened. Freezers with automatic defrost use more energy than manual defrost products and can also dehydrate food and cause freezer burn.
Estimating Energy and Cost Savings
ENERGY STAR has an Excel-based cost calculator for freezers. To modify the utility price, click on Savings Calculator–Consumer Residential Freezers. Select the freezer type and input the rate for electricity at the top of the page. The output section will automatically display results that better reflect your conditions.
Finding More Information
Federal supply sources are the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). GSA sells products through its Multiple Awards Schedules and GSA Advantage! DLA offers products through the Defense Supply Center Philadelphia and DOD EMALL.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory provided supporting analysis for this acquisition guidance.