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The Bioenergy Technologies Office's activities are guided by a commitment to environmental, economic, and social sustainability. The Office works with universities, national labs, and other federal agencies to understand and promote the benefits of bioenergy while reducing potential negative impacts across the supply chain—from biomass production to end use. The Office is committed to developing bioenergy that does not compromise environmental quality and the availability of food, feed, fiber, and water.

Our Vision

A viable, sustainable, domestic biofuels industry that:

  • Produces renewable biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower
  • Enhances U.S. energy security
  • Reduces our dependence on oil
  • Provides environmental benefits, including reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • Creates economic opportunities across the nation

Sustainability Supply Chain

Current Office Activities

Water Quantity and Quality - Working with national labs and other partners to conduct life cycle analyses of water requirements for the production of advanced biofuels, corn ethanol, sugar cane ethanol, and competing petroleum fuels.

Soil Health and Agronomics - Conducting in-field studies in collaboration with USDA, national labs, the Sun Grant Initiative universities, and other regional partners to measure soil attributes and other metrics to better understand what management practices achieve favorable yields while preserving soil health.

Climate Change and Air Quality - Performing analyses that cover the entire biofuels supply chain, from feedstock production to consumption in vehicles, to better understand how biofuels affect GHG emissions and air quality.

Land Use - Developing quantitative models of domestic and international land-use changes associated with increased biofuels production to be included in life cycle analyses, and coordinating with the environmental and scientific communities to assess the suite of model assumptions, available global datasets, disconnects between model needs and data availability, and research needs.

Biodiversity - Supporting spatial analyses and in-field research to better understand how siting and management of biofuels crops can help maintain biodiversity.

Cross-Cutting Efforts


For more information, see a fact sheet of our efforts: Our Commitment to Bioenergy Sustainability