Fact #969: March 20, 2017 New Vehicle Fuel Economy Has Improved 33% From 1980 to 2016

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Despite a 120% increase in horsepower and 47% improvement in acceleration (measured by time to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph) from model year (MY) 1980 to 2016, the fuel economy of vehicles improved 33%. The data are based on sales-weighted averages. In the 1990s and early 2000s, fuel economy decreased while vehicle weight increased, and fuel economy has improved nearly every year since 2004.

Characteristics of New Light Vehicles Sold, MY 1980-2016

Graph showing characteristics (horsepower, weight, fuel economy, 0-60) of new light vehicles sold for model years 1980-2016.

Note: Data are sales-weighted.

Fact #969 Dataset

Supporting Information

Characteristics of New Light Vehicles Sold, MY 1980-2016
Model Year Original Values   Indexed Values (Graph)
Fuel Economy Weight Horse-power 0-60 Time   Fuel Economy Weight Horse-power 0-60 Time
Miles per Gallon Pounds Seconds   Miles per Gallon Pounds Seconds
1980 19.2 3,228 104 15.6   100 100 100 100
1981 20.5 3,202 102 15.6   107 99 98 100
1982 21.1 3,202 103 16.6   110 99 99 106
1983 21.0 3,257 107 14.9   109 101 103 96
1984 21.0 3,262 109 14.7   109 101 105 94
1985 21.3 3,271 114 14.1   111 101 110 90
1986 21.8 3,238 114 13.4   114 100 110 86
1987 22.0 3,221 118 13.4   115 100 113 86
1988 21.9 3,283 123 13.3   114 102 118 85
1989 21.4 3,351 129 12.5   111 104 124 80
1990 21.2 3,426 135 11.5   110 106 130 74
1991 21.3 3,410 138 11.4   111 106 133 73
1992 20.8 3,512 145 11.0   108 109 139 71
1993 20.9 3,519 147 10.3   109 109 141 66
1994 20.4 3,603 152 10.1   106 112 146 65
1995 20.5 3,613 158 10.1   107 112 152 65
1996 20.4 3,659 164 10.4   106 113 158 67
1997 20.2 3,727 169 10.2   105 115 163 65
1998 20.1 3,744 171 10.4   105 116 164 67
1999 19.7 3,835 179 10.3   103 119 172 66
2000 19.8 3,821 181 9.8   103 118 174 63
2001 19.6 3,879 187 9.5   102 120 180 61
2002 19.5 3,951 195 9.4   102 122 188 60
2003 19.6 3,999 199 9.3   102 124 191 60
2004 19.3 4,111 211 9.1   101 127 203 58
2005 19.9 4,059 209 9.0   104 126 201 58
2006 20.1 4,067 213 8.9   105 126 205 57
2007 20.6 4,093 217 8.9   107 127 209 57
2008 21.0 4,085 219 8.9   109 127 211 57
2009 22.4 3,914 208 8.8   117 121 200 56
2010 22.6 4,001 214 8.8   118 124 206 56
2011 22.4 4,126 230 8.5   117 128 221 54
2012 23.7 3,979 222 8.5   123 123 213 54
2013 24.3 4,003 226 8.4   127 124 217 54
2014 24.3 4,060 230 8.3   127 126 221 53
2015 24.8 4,035 229 8.3   129 125 220 53
2016 25.6 3,985 229 8.2   133 123 220 53

Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2016, EPA-420-R-16-010, November 2016.

 

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