Maryland has a State Wildlands Preservation System, administered by the Department of Natural Resources, that is meant to protect these areas and provide for their future use and enjoyment. The construction or placement of permanent roads, structures, and installations is severely restricted in designated wildlands areas.
It is the policy of the state to conserve the soil, water, and related resources of the state through establishing regulations for land-use practices related to soil erosion. This legislation establishes the State Soil Conservation Committee and local Soil Conservation Districts. Districts are authorized to enact local rules and regulations pertaining to land use practices and soil conservation, while the Committee is responsible for facilitating cooperation and the interchange of information between districts, and aiding district programs.
The policy of the state is to provide for the constructive use of radiation and control radiation emissions. This legislation authorizes the Department of the Environment to develop comprehensive programs and policies to manage radiation risks, review radiation source plans and applications, and conduct inspections to determine radiation hazards. Local regulations enacted by a county, municipality, or a board of health are permitted as long as they are consistent with state law and regulations.
Businesses locating in a Maryland Enterprise Zone may be eligible for income tax and real property tax credits in return for job creation and investments. Businesses located in one of two focus areas are also be eligible for personal property tax credits. There are two forms of Enterprise Zone Tax Credits: (1) Ten-year credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property improvements. The credit is 80% the first five years, and decreases 10% annually to 30 percent in the tenth and final year. (2) One-time income tax credits of $1,000 per new worker.
Title 9 of Maryland’s property tax code provides local governments the option to allow a property tax credit for buildings equipped with a solar, geothermal or qualifying energy conservation device. These devices may be used to heat or cool the structure, to generate electricity to be used in the structure, or to provide hot water for use in the structure. The law was initially enacted in 1985, but at that time applied only to heating and cooling and water heating applications. Electricity production for on-site use was added in 2006.
'''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. '''''
The Job Creation Tax Credit provides a $1000 tax credit to businesses that create new jobs; the credit is 2.5% of the aggregate annual wages for all newly created full-time positions. This credit is increased to five percent in revitalization zones, up to $1500 per job. Credits may not exceed $1 million per year and may be carried forward for five years. Sixty jobs must be created during a 24-month period. Eligible businesses include public utilities. In a “Priority Funding Area,” a business needs only to create a minimum of 25 new positions.
The Jane E. Lawton Conservation Loan Program (JELLP) takes the place of the former Community Energy Loan Program (CELP) and the Energy Efficiency and Economic Development Loan Program (EEEDLP). This program provides local governments, nonprofits, and businesses in the State with an opportunity to reduce their operating expenses by identifying and installing energy conservation improvements. It allows borrowers to use the cost savings generated by the improvements as the primary source of revenue for repaying the loans.