This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Maryland as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation.
In May 2007, Maryland established a property tax exemption for residential solar energy systems. Under this law solar energy devices “installed to heat or cool a dwelling, generate electricity to be used in the dwelling, or provide hot water for use in the dwelling” were exempt from state -- but not local -- property taxes. However, in April 2008 [http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/2008rs/chapters_noln/Ch_132_hb0377E.pdf H.B. 377] was enacted, repealing this exemption beginning July 1, 2008.
Private Activity Revenue Bonds are available in the form of both taxable bonds and tax-exempt bonds. Both types of bonds provide access to long-term capital markets for fixed asset financing. Eligibility for the tax-exempt bonds is limited by Federal tax law to 501(c)(3) non-profit organizations and manufacturing facilities. Additional limitations apply to the specific transaction type.
A gas storage company may invoke eminent domain to acquire property in Prince George's County for underground gas storage purposes. The area acquired must lie not less than 800 feet below the surface of a maximum of 12,000 acres of land, and may be owned by a public body. A permit from the Department of the Environment, along with an order from the Public Service Commission, is required prior to the use of eminent domain. The Act contains further information on eminent domain, landowner, and property rights, and fees. The Act is contained in section 14-201 et seq.
In 2008 Prince George's County enacted legislation offering a property tax credit on residential structures equipped with solar and geothermal systems. As originally devised, the credit could only be taken for systems used to heat and cool a structure or provide hot water for a structure. However, in April 2009 the county enacted additional legislation (Council Bill 05-2009) extending the property tax credit to solar-electric (PV) systems, effective May 22, 2009.
The Power Plant Research and Siting Act of 1971 established the Power Plant Research Program (PPRP) to evaluate electric generation issues in the state and recommend responsible, long-term solutions. The program manages a consolidated review of all issues related to power generation in Maryland: it reviews applications, evaluates impacts, and recommends conditions for proposed power plants, transmission lines, and modifications; assesses the impacts of electric power production on the State's environmental resources; and evaluates long-range plans to meet electricity demand.
In May 2012 Maryland enacted legislation stating that any calculation of "impervious surface" required by state or local authorities as part of a permit or variance relating to zoning, construction, or stormwater may only include the foundation or base supporting the solar panel. The law generally applies statewide, including charter counties and Baltimore City. It does not however apply in a defined "critical area", including the Chesapeake Bay Critical Area and the Coastal Bays Critical Area.
PEPCO offers a variety of rebates to Maryland customers who purchase select energy efficient products. Rebates are available on light bulbs, refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers, dehumidifiers, room a/c units, water heaters, heat pump water heaters, HVAC equipment and equipment tune-ups. All appliances must be Energy Star and water heaters must have an Efficiency Factor of at least 0.93 to receive rebate. All HVAC equipment must meet program efficiency requirements in order to receive rebates.