The purpose of these regulations is to allow a Small Wind Energy System used
to generate electricity at a rated capacity (as defined by the manufacturer) of 100
kilowatts or less to be constructed and installed for on-site consumption only.
Title 8 of Maryland’s property tax code includes a state-wide special assessment for solar and geothermal heating and cooling systems. Under this provision, such systems are to be assessed at not more than the value of a conventional system for property tax purposes if no conventional system exists in the building. If a solar or geothermal heating and cooling system is installed in addition to a conventional system in a building, the combined system may be assessed at no more than the value of the conventional system -- essentially a full exemption for the qualifying equipment.
Maryland's Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard, enacted in May 2004 and revised in 2007 and 2008, requires electricity suppliers (all utilities and competitive retail suppliers) to use renewable energy sources to generate a minimum portion of their retail sales. The renewables requirement increases gradually, ultimately reaching a level of 20% from Tier 1 resources in 2022 and beyond, and 2.5% from Tier 2 resources from 2006 through 2018. The Tier 2 requirement sunsets at the end of 2018, dropping to 0% in 2019 and beyond.
Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that imposed unreasonable limitations on the installation of solar collection panels on the roof or exterior walls of improvements and which became effective after July 1, 1980. (The grandfathering date was removed in 2008).
The Departments of the Environment and Natural Resources are authorized to develop regulations to combat soil erosion and control the addition of sediment to waters of the state. As part of the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Program, an approved plan is required for any earth disturbance of 5,000 square feet or more and 100 cubic yards or more, and oversight is granted to the Departments and to local soil conservation districts. Some exemptions apply.
The Small Town Energy Program (STEP) offers guidance and rebates to residents for home energy efficiency measures. Beginning in July 2012, STEP is being offered in College Heights Estates, Hyattsville and Riverdale Park in addition to University Park (where the program was piloted last year as STEP-UP). Residents have a whole-house energy evaluation undertaken and then receive a detailed report, which presents findings and recommendations.
The Department of Natural Resources is responsible for creating and implementing a program designed to minimize shore erosion through education, erosion control projects, promulgate regulations, and oversee the design and erection of shoreline structures.
Sewage sludge utilization permits are required prior to the use, processing, and disposal of sewage sludge in Maryland.
Sewage sludge (also known as biosolids) is not sewage, but rather is one of the final products of treated sewage at a sewage (wastewater) treatment plant. Sewage sludge is the fine particulate matter remaining after treatment which breaks down organic matter and destroys disease organisms in sewage. A SSU Permit is required for any person who collects, incinerates, stores, treats, applies to land, transports or disposes of sewage sludge or septage in Maryland.
In May 2011 Maryland enacted legislation providing a sales and use tax exemption for sales of electricity from qualifying solar energy and residential wind energy equipment to residential customers. In order to qualify for the exemption, the sale of electricity must be for residential use on a property owned by a net metering eligible customer-generator. Maryland already exempted energy sales under residential or domestic rate schedules on file with the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) from the sales and use tax.