Georgia's Oil and Gas and Deep Drilling Act regulates oil and gas drilling activities to provide protection of underground freshwater supplies and certain "environmentally sensitive" areas. The Board of Natural Resources has the authority to implement this Act.
The “Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act,” amends existing Georgia law to allow a utility to recover from its customers the costs of financing associated with the construction of a nuclear plant that has been certified by the Georgia Public Service Commission. The financing charges shall accrue on all applicable certified costs as they are recorded in the utility’s construction work in progress (CWIP) accounts. The financing costs shall be based on the utility’s actual cost of debt and authorized cost of equity.
Georgia Interfaith Power and Light (GIPL) offers grants of up to $10,000 to congregations or faith-based communities, including faith-based schools. Grant funds may be used for energy conservation measures recommended after receiving an energy audit through GIPL. Organizations receiving grants must provide an equal match of money toward the energy improvements. Matching funds can include creation care funds, capital improvements funds, building funds, tithes, loans or in-kind services. Grant funds must be used for the authorized projects within one year of the grant award.
The Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act (HWMA) describes a comprehensive, Statewide program to manage hazardous wastes through regulating hazardous waste generation, transportation, storage, treatment, and disposal. Hazardous waste is defined by the Board of Natural Resources, and it includes any waste that the Board concludes is capable of posing a substantial present or future hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, transported, stored, disposed, or otherwise managed, based on regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
The purpose of the Georgia Groundwater Use Act is to establish procedures to be followed to obtain a permit to withdraw, obtain or utilize groundwater and for the submission of information concerning the amount of grand water withdrawal, its intended use, and the proposed aquifer or aquifers of withdrawal to the Environmental Protection Division (EPD). Groundwater withdrawals of greater than 100,000 gallons per day require a permit from the EPD. Permit applications that request an increase in water usage must also submit a water conservation plan approved by the Director of the EPD.
Georgia Green Loans, a non-profit microlending agency, offers funding to "green" businesses using funding from a Georgia Environmental Finance Authority (GEFA) grant. The GEFA grant is based on State Energy Program funding from The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Georgia Green Loans is using this funding for the "Save and Sustain" program to subsidize commercial energy audits for Georgia small businesses and commercial property owners, and to provide low-interest loans for energy-efficient improvements.
The Georgia Erosion and Sedimentation Act (GESA) is designed to protect vegetated buffers. GESA establishes a minimum undisturbed, vegetated buffer of 25 feet for all streams in Georgia (measured from where vegetation is wrested by normal stream flow). Trout streams, both primary and secondary, require a minimum 50 foot undisturbed vegetated buffer. These buffer requirements are also incorporated into the General Construction Permit. Small trout streams with an annual flow of less than 24 gallons per minute (GPM) are exempt from the buffer requirements.
The Georgia Environmental Finance Authority (GEFA) encourages Georgians to utilize zero-interest financing options to help make their homes more energy efficient and save on utility bills. Financing is available through Oglethorpe Power Corporation, Electric Cities of Georgia, the Municipal Gas Authority of Georgia and Estes Heating and Air. Many communities in Georgia are available for financing through these organizations.
The Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act (SWMA) of 1990 was implemented in order to improve solid waste management procedures, permitting processes and management throughout the state. The SWMA states that no person shall engage in solid waste or special solid waste handling in Georgia or construct or operate a solid waste handling facility in Georgia without first obtaining a permit from the Director of the Environmental Protection Division.