'''''Note: H.F. 729, enacted in May 2013, includes many changes to Minnesota's net metering law. These changes are described above, but most will not take effect until rules are implemented at the PUC. The below summary reflects the current rules.'''''
In Massachusetts, the state's investor-owned utilities must offer net metering. Municipal utilities are not obligated to offer net metering, but they may do so voluntarily. (There are no electric cooperatives in Massachusetts.)
In March 2010, the New Hampshire Community Development Finance Authority (CDFA) launched a revolving loan program to encourage the state’s municipal governments to invest in energy efficiency and alternative energy. A wide variety of energy-efficiency measures and alternative energy technologies are eligible, and the program is customizable, based on a municipality's needs. Loans are typically structured so that payments are made with money yielded by energy savings.
The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil fuels or nuclear fission." Renewable energy systems may be built in any zoning district within the county as long as certain siting requirements are met.
Setbacks: Renewable energy systems must be set back at least 3 feet away from the side or rear lot lines. Setback requirements for front lot lines and for corner lots vary by zoning district.
Legislation enacted in 2009 directed the Maine Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to develop a program offering green power as an option to residential and small commercial customers in the state. The PUC issued rules in October 2010 and issued an RFP. The PUC selected a company, 3 Degrees, to manage the statewide green power program for Maine's transmission and distribution territories. The program includes community-based renewable energy projects (to the extent possible). The green power program launched in April 2012.
If an electric utility must construct a line extension for a customer, and the utility requires the customer to pay a Contribution in Aid to Construction (CIAC) or a pre-payment charge, or to sign a contract with a term of one year or longer, the utility must provide the customer with information about on-site renewable energy and distributed-generation (DG) technology alternatives. The information must be provided to the customer at the time of the CIAC estimate or pre-payment.
'''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. '''''
Alaska enacted legislation in June 2010 to authorize municipalities to pass ordinances that exempt residential renewable energy systems from taxation. Residential renewable energy systems are defined as systems, including wind, hydro and solar, that use an energy source other than fossil or nuclear fuel.
Senate Bill 221 of 2013 authorizes local governments to adopt Commercial* Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) financing programs. C-PACE allows property owners to finance energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements on their properties through a special assessment on their property tax bill, which is repaid over a period of time not to exceed 20 years.