The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality is authorized to review and establish local water districts throughout the state of Texas. The Water Code gives the Commission the right of supervision over all districts and authorities. While the Commission does not regulate daily operations of the districts, staff helps district board members and their consultants to understand the complex and varied laws and regulations under which a district must operate. Districts also must comply with state and federal regulations before they can engage in various activities.
Local water districts are authorized to plan for the control, use, and appropriation of water in their jurisdiction. Districts may engage in flood control, irrigation, drainage, reclamation, preservation of water resources, development of forests, development of hydroelectric power, navigation, and sewage disposal. Districts may encompass a single county or multiple counties, and may choose to join together to form a Master District to oversee water planning activities on a larger scale.