Florida’s 62 Soil and Water Conservation Districts were established in 1937 under Chapter 582 Florida Statutes. The law was based on federal model legislation to establish Soil and Water Conservation Districts (SWCDs) nationwide. Soil and Water Conservation Districts (SWCDs) were originally organized, for the most part, within county boundaries by landowner petition based on a need for soil and water conservation and in the interest of public health, safety, and welfare. A Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) so organized constitutes a governmental subdivision of the State of Florida. The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services has the authority to enact rules and regulations pertaining to soil and water conservation, but individual districts are primarily responsible for developing and enacting comprehensive soil and water conservation plans for their jurisdiction. Such plans may include the adoption of regulations pertaining to soil, water, and land use as well as to construction and development activities in the region.