The Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act, which permits the building of reserves for withdrawal in periods of peak demand, was created to promote the economic development of the State of Georgia and provide for more economical distribution of gas to the domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers of the State. Any gas utility desiring to utilize or operate an underground reservoir shall first apply to the Public Service Commission for an order approving the proposed project.
The application shall include: A legal description of the roads, grounds, waters, buildings, and other improvements of any kind under which such underground reservoir is proposed, together with a map thereof, a map showing the location of existing and proposed stations, wells, fixtures, machinery, and other facilities necessary for the construction, maintenance, and operation of such underground reservoir, a map prepared by a qualified engineer or geologist showing the location, extent, and depth of the proposed underground reservoir and of all wells drilled or proposed to be drilled to such reservoir, such other information as will provide a clear and concise presentation of the matters relevant to the application.
A state appointed geologist and the Environmental Protection Division Director will investigate the following: the proposed site, the procedures needed, proposed storage. The gas utility that receives approval for their proposed project will have the right of eminent domain to acquire for its use any underground reservoir for the storage of gas, as well as such other property or interests in property as may be required to explore adequately for, examine, prepare, maintain, utilize, and operate such underground reservoir for the storage of gas, including easements and rights of way for access to and egress from such underground storage reservoir.
The underground storage of gas shall be limited to geologic structures reasonably capable of confining the gas to the storage area and permitting it to be withdrawn. The applicable recommended practices of the American Petroleum Institute (API) in drilling, casing, cementing, well testing and the like shall be followed where practicable. When drilling into a structure suspected of holding gas, blow out preventers shall be used. All field and gathering piping shall comply with the applicable provisions of the American Standards Code for Pressure Piping, American Standards Association, and B-31.8. All casing and equipment in the well and facilities connected to it up to and including the Christmas tree shall comply with the applicable standards of the API. No gas shall be injected except for test purposes into strata less than 500 feet beneath the surface. No storage field shall have less than 500 feet of cover. The development and operation of any underground aquifer gas storage facility shall be under the general supervision of a professional geologist or engineer.