The purpose of the Georgia Safe Dams Act is to provide regulation, inspection and permitting of dams to the State. The Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) is responsible for ensuring that a competent engineer designs all dams, approving plans for inspection and maintenance, and otherwise monitoring the condition of dams. It requires that anyone wishing to construct a dam must obtain a permit from the EPD; permission to remove a dam is also required. Dams receiving federal funds or under federal regulation are exempt. Artificial barriers less than 6 feet high are also exempt. Dams are classified into two categories. Category I is where improper operation or dam failure would probably cause loss of human life. Category II is where dam failure would be unlikely to cause deaths. Category I dams are monitored more closely by EPD.