The Georgia Air Quality Control Act (AQCA) is a set of environmental regulations, permitting requirements, and air quality standards that control the amount of pollutants emitted and who emits them. The AQCA follows the minimum pollutant allowances outlined by the federal government in the Clean Air Act (CAA) 42. All stationary sources that may emit the pollutants listed in the CAA are required to obtain the appropriate permitting, unless they are otherwise exempt from the AQCA. Potential polluters can apply for individual exemption from the AQCA by requesting that the Director of the EPD grants them exemption. U.S.C. Section 7401. Georgia has also implemented the EPA's Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions requirements, which amend the CAA's permit program.
The AQCA requires that prior to beginning the construction or modification of any facility that may result in air pollution shall obtain a Construction (SIP) permit from the Director. The AQCA also requires that any person operating a facility from which air contaminants are or may be emitted obtain an Operating (SIP) permit, from the director. The following are exempt from SIP operating permits: fuel-burning equipment having a total heat input of less than 10 million BTUs per hour burning only natural gas, LPG and/or distillate fuel containing .50% sulfur by weight or less, fuel-burning equipment rated at less than 5 million BTUs per hour burning a wood or fossil fuel, any fuel-burning equipment with a rated input capacity of 2.5 million BTUs per hour or less, clean steam condensate and steam relief vents, stationary engines burning natural gas, LPG, and/or diesel fuel and used for peaking power, all petroleum liquid storage tanks storing a liquid with a true vapor pressure of equal or less than .50 psia as stored, all petroleum liquid storage tanks with a capacity of less than 40,000 gallons storing a liquid with a true vapor pressure of equal to or less than 2.0 psia as stored, all petroleum liquid storage tanks with a capacity of less than 10,000 gallons storing a petroleum liquid, gasoline storage and handling equipment at loading facilities handling less than 20,000 gallons per day or at vehicle dispensing facilities.
In addition the SIP permits required for all non-exempt construction and operating projects the AQCA requires that Title V operating permits be obtained by the owner and operator of any regulated source under 40 Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) part 70. The applicant must follow the application procedures, emission standards, requirements, and reporting described in 40 CFR. The Title V applications will be submitted to the Director of the EPD, who will then provide a copy of the permit to the EPA for approval. The insignificant activities list as defined in 40 CFR part 70.2 do not need to be described in detail in the Part 70 permit application.
The Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality requires that a PSD permit be obtained in order to comply with federal GHG emission standards.