The Individual, a 48-year-old employee of a DOE contractor, is an applicant for DOE access authorization. DOE Ex. 3. During the application process, the Individual completed a Questionnaire for National Security Positions (QNSP) in May 2011, and participated in an August 2011 Personnel Security Interview (PSI). DOE Exs. 8, 9. After the PSI, the local security office (LSO) referred the Individual to a DOE consultant-psychiatrist (“the DOE psychiatrist”) for an evaluation. The DOE psychiatrist evaluated the Individual in September 2011 and issued a report. DOE Exs. 6, 7. After reviewing the Individual’s personnel security file, the LSO informed the Individual in a January 2012 Notification Letter that there existed derogatory information that raised security concerns under 10 C.F.R. §§ 710.8 (h) and (j) (Criteria H and J, respectively) (alcohol-related concerns).