The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability’s High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) for Electric Systems Program’s specific mission is to work in partnership with industry to develop HTS wire and perform other research and development activities leading to the commercialization of HTS-based electric power applications by U.S. companies. This technology contributes to several key performance improvements of the grid. It enhances reliability by increasing capacity, which relieves congestion and helps prevent outages. Efficiency is improved as a result of the reduction of loss during operation which both conserves energy and reduces supply-side pollutants. Finally, the environmental impact is reduced through oil-free operation and the decreased demand for rights of way.