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EO 12898: Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (1994)

Executive Order 12898 and an accompanying Presidential Memorandum were issued to focus Federal attention on the environmental and human health conditions in minority communities and low-income communities with the goal of achieving environmental justice. The EO directs each federal agency to make environmental justice part of its mission, and sets responsibilities for agencies including developing a strategy to identify and address “disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations”.  The Presidential Memorandum directs federal agencies to analyze related environmental impacts in NEPA reviews.