A strategy for the successful deployment of small modular reactors (SMRs) must consider what the goals of deployment would entail, the challenges to achieving these goals and the approach to overcome those challenges. This paper will attempt to offer a framework for addressing these important issues at the outset of the program. The deployment of SMRs will be realized by private power companies making the decision to purchase and operate SMRs from private vendors. The government role is to set national priorities for clean energy and national security and create incentives to achieve them. The policy tools the government may choose to use to advance this technology in support of these national objectives will evolve as SMRs advance through the commercialization process. This strategic framework identifies four phases to this process and indicated policies that may be appropriate at each stage.