November 20, 2011
Performance-Based Inspection of Environmental Management Systems: Inspection Criteria, approach, and Lines of Inquiry (HSS CRAD 45-38, Rev. 1)
The following provides an overview of the typical activities that will be performed to collect information to evaluate the effectiveness of the environmental management system. Several terms used throughout this document are defined (last three terms based on ISO 14001 :2004(E) Section 3, Terms and Definitions) as follows:
- The term "activities" encompasses various types of projects including construction, restoration, maintenance, operations, research and development (R&D), and other work activities that could expose the workers, public, or environment to hazards.
- The term "environment" refers to the organization's natural and human surroundings. An organization's environment extends from within the organization itself to the surrounding community and includes air, water, land, flora, fauna, as well as human beings.
- The term "environmental aspect" is a feature or characteristic of an activity, product, or service that affects or can affect the environment. A significant environmental aspect is an activity, product, or service that has or could have a significant environmental impact.
- The term "environmental impact" is a change to the environment, either positive or negative, resulting from an environmental aspect, either directly or indirectly.