The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to implement sustainability into all aspects of operations. Executive Order (EO) 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management, and EO 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, identify Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) as the management framework to determine and achieve sustainability goals and targets. EMSs provide a structure for site‐level cross-cutting and multi‐functional coordination necessary to plan for and achieve the Department's sustainability goals.
DOE's adherence to EMS requirements is addressed in DOE Order 436.1, Departmental Sustainability. This Order provides requirements and responsibilities for managing and achieving Departmental sustainability goals.
DOE sites use EMS as the primary management tool for addressing environmental aspects of internal agency operations and activities; for establishing objectives and targets to ensure implementation of EO 13423 and EO 13514; and for collecting, analyzing, and reporting performance metric information. Annual EMS reporting is conducted through FedCenter. FedCenter collects information on the scope and status of DOE EMSs. Sites must maintain their EMS as being certified to or conforming with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001:2004 which generally requires following the "Plan, Do, Check, Act" management system model.