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Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

Through the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act), the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program provided $3.2 billion in block grants to cities, communities, states, U.S. territories, and Indian tribes to develop, promote, implement, and manage energy efficiency and conservation projects that ultimately created jobs. The EECBG program represents the largest nationwide direct investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies at the community level in U.S. history, rapidly increasing the number of communities directly engaged with DOE on programs that increased renewable energy capacity, technical knowledge, and deployment of energy efficiency projects at the local level. 

Frequently Asked Questions on EECBG Financing Program Compliance and Reporting 

Find answers to frequently asked questions. 

EECBG Financing Programs After Grant Retirement

Find guidance to help you manage the federal funds in your financing programs.

EECBG Projects by State 

Find information on local, community-level EECBG projects using this interactive U.S. map.

DOE Guidance Documents 

Find DOE guidance documents for EECBG

Program Accomplishments (as of Sept. 30, 2013)

  • Consistently rated a Top-15-job creating program of the Recovery Act from January 2011 to September 2013
  • Performed energy upgrades of approximately 86,000 buildings, covering a total area of 699 million square-feet
  • Installed 9,541 solar systems, with a total capacity of 176 megawatts
  • Installed more than 278,000 energy-efficient traffic signals
  • Installed 197,000 energy-efficient streetlights
  • Timed traffic signals on 4,666 street lane miles of road.

Spending by Activity

Graph showing spending by activity in millions of U.S.. dollars. Energy Efficiency Retrofits: $1,036.2. Financial Incentive Program: $454.6. Buildings and Facilities: $253.7. Lighting: $188.8. Onsite Renewable Technology: $154.1. Energy Efficiency and Conservation: $120.4. Transportation: $116.5. Other: $91.4. Technical Consultant Services: $62.7. Residential and Commercial Buildings: $59.2. Reduction/Capture of Methane/Greenhouse Gases: $30.4. Material Conservation Program: $30.2. Energy Distribution: $29.0. Codes and Inspections: $17.8.

As of October 2013, EECBG grant recipients had spent $2.7 billion, or 97.8% of allocated funds.

Jobs Created or Retained

Graph showing the number of jobs created by EECBG. First quarter 2011: 4,458. Second quarter 2011: 5,122. Third quarter 2011: 5,015. Fourth quarter 2011: 4,382. First quarter 2012: 4,047. Second quarter 2012: 3,706. Third quarter 2012: 3,268. Fourth quarter 2012: 2,256. First quarter 2013: 1,220. Second quarter 2013: 820.

Altogether, EECBG created or retained 1,891 full-time-equivalent jobs.

Program Funding

Of the $3.2 billion in Recovery Act funding the EECBG Program provided, approximately $2.7 billion was awarded through formula grants and approximately $454 million was allocated through competitive grants, which were awarded through DOE funding opportunity announcements.

EECBG Funding by Activity
(millions of dollars)
Formula Grants Better Buildings General Innovation Fund Technical Assistance Total
$2,709 $390 $62.7 $31.3 $3,193.2


EECBG Funding to Recipients

A pie chart describing the funding distribution under the Recovery Act.  Cities and counties receiving 59%. States receiving 24%. Large competitive receiving 13%.  Small competitive receiving 2%.  Indian tribes receiving 2%. Cities and Counties: $1,880,310,000. States: $767,480,000. Indian Tribes: $54,836,200. Competitive Grants: $63,680,000. Total: $390,040,000.



Program Evaluation 

The EECBG National Evaluation is an independent third-party evaluation with a purpose to quantify the principal outcomes achieved by the program in terms of: (1) energy and cost savings, (2) gross carbon emissions reduction, and (3) direct and indirect job creation. 

The evaluation examines outcomes achieved during the 2009 through 2011 program years for a subset of recipients implementing the 14 eligible activities in the EECBG Program. Findings from the evaluation of program activities will be combined to yield savings estimates for those broad program types that, in combination, represented approximately 80% of EECBG funding during the study period. The final report is expected 3rd Quarter Fiscal Year 15.

Additional Resources