Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) include both battery electric vehicles (BEVs) which run only on electricity, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which run on electricity and/or gasoline. Considering all PEVs within a state in 2014, the map below shows states with a greater share of BEVs in red and states with a greater share of PHEVs in blue. Those states where the BEVs and PHEVs are near 50/50 are a neutral color. Georgia had by far the highest percentage of BEVs (84%) of total PEVs. Generous state incentives for purchasing a BEV in Georgia likely account for this high percentage. Hawaii had the next highest share, followed by Washington, Tennessee, Oregon, Utah, and Texas – all with more than 50% BEVs of all plug-ins registered in the State. States such as Michigan, Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Maine had higher shares of PHEV registrations. For these states and a number of others, PHEVs, which can run on gasoline if necessary, are the most common type of PEV.
Share of BEVs and PHEVs by State, 2014
PEV – Plug-in electric vehicle (includes BEV and PHEV)
BEV – Battery electric vehicle (also referred to as an all-electric vehicle)
PHEV – Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (has a gasoline engine as a backup for when the battery is depleted.)
PEV and BEV registrations include all PEVs and BEVs under 10,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight registered in the state in July 2014.
|State||BEV Share||PHEV Share|
|District of Columbia||38%||62%|
Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory analysis, R.L. Polk, POLK_VIO_DETAIL_2014, May 2015.