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Fact #877: June 15, 2015 Which States Have More Battery Electric Vehicles than Plug-in Hybrids?

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) include both battery electric vehicles (BEVs) which run only on electricity, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which run on electricity and/or gasoline. Considering all PEVs within a state in 2014, the map below shows states with a greater share of BEVs in red and states with a greater share of PHEVs in blue. Those states where the BEVs and PHEVs are near 50/50 are a neutral color. Georgia had by far the highest percentage of BEVs (84%) of total PEVs. Generous state incentives for purchasing a BEV in Georgia likely account for this high percentage. Hawaii had the next highest share, followed by Washington, Tennessee, Oregon, Utah, and Texas – all with more than 50% BEVs of all plug-ins registered in the State. States such as Michigan, Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Maine had higher shares of PHEV registrations. For these states and a number of others, PHEVs, which can run on gasoline if necessary, are the most common type of PEV.

Share of BEVs and PHEVs by State, 2014

Map of the U.S. showing the share of battery electric vehicles and plug-in electric vehicles per state in 2014.

Notes:
PEV – Plug-in electric vehicle (includes BEV and PHEV)
BEV – Battery electric vehicle (also referred to as an all-electric vehicle)
PHEV – Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (has a gasoline engine as a backup for when the battery is depleted.)
PEV and BEV registrations include all PEVs and BEVs under 10,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight registered in the state in July 2014.

Fact #877 Dataset

Supporting Information

Share of BEVs and PHEVs by State, 2014
  All PEVs
State BEV Share PHEV Share
Alabama 32% 68%
Alaska 28% 72%
Arizona 49% 51%
Arkansas 21% 79%
California 49% 51%
Colorado 48% 52%
Connecticut 33% 67%
Delaware 31% 69%
District of Columbia 38% 62%
Florida 43% 57%
Georgia 84% 16%
Hawaii 76% 24%
Idaho 35% 65%
Illinois 44% 56%
Indiana 35% 65%
Iowa 24% 76%
Kansas 29% 71%
Kentucky 23% 77%
Louisiana 36% 64%
Maine 18% 82%
Maryland 29% 71%
Massachusetts 39% 61%
Michigan 12% 88%
Minnesota 23% 77%
Mississippi 29% 71%
Missouri 38% 62%
Montana 18% 82%
Nebraska 27% 73%
Nevada 47% 53%
New Hampshire 30% 70%
New Jersey 38% 62%
New Mexico 41% 59%
New York 25% 75%
North Carolina 45% 55%
North Dakota 18% 82%
Ohio 27% 73%
Oklahoma 45% 55%
Oregon 60% 40%
Pennsylvania 33% 67%
Rhode Island 20% 80%
South Carolina 37% 63%
South Dakota 23% 78%
Tennessee 66% 34%
Texas 53% 47%
Utah 58% 42%
Vermont 23% 77%
Virginia 37% 63%
Washington 70% 30%
West Virginia 19% 81%
Wisconsin 23% 77%
Wyoming 27% 73%
All 47% 53%

Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory analysis, R.L. Polk, POLK_VIO_DETAIL_2014, May 2015.

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