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Purchasing Renewable Power for Federal Facilities

Federal agencies can purchase renewable power or renewable energy certificates (RECs) from a utility or other organization to meet federal renewable energy requirements. Renewable power and RECs are good choices for facilities where on-site projects may be difficult or capital budgets are limited. Learn more about Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005 requirements in the Renewable Energy Requirement Guidance for EPAct 2005.

There are three methods for purchasing renewable energy that is not generated on a federal site:

  1. Competitive renewable power: In states with competitive electricity markets, federal agencies can purchase renewable power through competitive electricity procurements. EERE’s Green Power Network lists states that offer competitive renewable energy products.

  2. Regulated utility green pricing programs: Green pricing is an optional utility service that allows customers to support a higher level of utility company investment in renewable energy technologies. Participating customers pay a premium on their electricity bills to cover the incremental cost of the additional renewable energy. Consult the Green Power Network to find out if your utility has a green pricing program.

  3. Renewable energy certificates: Also known as renewable energy credits, green certificates, green tags, or tradable renewable certificates, RECs represent the environmental attributes of the power produced from renewable energy projects and are sold separately from commodity electricity. RECs are attractive for federal facilities located where renewable power is not readily available. Learn more about RECs from the Green Power Network, or find guidance, including information about RECs, in the Renewable Energy Requirement Guidance for EPAct 2005.

On-Site Renewable Power Purchase Agreements

On-site renewable power purchase agreements (PPAs) allow federal agencies to fund on-site renewable energy projects without incurring up-front capital costs. Learn more about PPAs.

Renewable Energy Project Assistance

Find agencies that provide assistance with renewable energy projects and renewable power purchases.