## Primary Science of Energy Teacher and Student Guides (42 Activities)

K-4

Energy Basics

##### Summary

This teacher guide includes 42 hands-on exploration activities and teacher demonstrations that introduce scientific measurement using simple tools and emphasize the basic concepts of energy: motion, heat, light, sound, and growth. Students use their senses and simple scientific tools (rulers, tape measures, thermometers, balances, and volumetric containers) to develop a basic understanding of energy and the scientific method through hands-on explorations. There is also an accompanying student guide with the necessary handouts. The activities are:

1. What is Energy 1?
2. What is Energy 2?
3. What is Energy 3?
4. Bodies Use Energy
5. Food Has Energy From the Sun 1
6. Food Has Energy From the Sun 2
7. The Five Senses
8. Measuring Length
9. Measuring Mass
10. Five Balls: Observing and Measuring Size
11. Five Balls: Measuring Mass
12. Five Balls: Sink or Float
13. Five Balls: Measuring Bounce
14. Five Balls: Measuring Sound
15. Five Balls: Measuring Roll
16. Happy/Sad Balls: Observing & Measuring
17. Happy/Sad Balls: Rolling & Bouncing 1
18. Happy/Sad Balls: Rolling & Bouncing 2
19. Teacher Demonstration: Happy/Sad Balls: Heat & Bouncing
20. Metal & Plastic Balls: Observing & Measuring
21. Teacher Demonstration: States of Matter
22. Measuring Liquids 1
23. Measuring Liquids 2
24. Volume of Solids
25. Teacher Demonstration: Solids & Liquids
26. Using a Thermometer 1
27. Using a Thermometer 2
28. Measuring Temperature
29. Predicting and Measuring Temperature
30. Teacher Demonstration: Light is Energy
31. Teacher Demonstration: Artificial Light
32. Light Travels in Straight Lines
33. Demonstration: Transverse Light Waves
34. Light Can Be Refracted
35. Light Can Be Reflected
36. Demonstration: Light Can be Diffracted
37. Sound is Energy 1
38. Sound is Energy 2
39. Sound is Energy 3
40. Sound is Energy 4
41. Demonstration: Longitudinal Waves
42. Producing & Demonstrating Sound
##### Curriculum

Science, Social Studies, Math, Language Arts

##### Plan Time

2-6 weeks depending on activities used. Activities vary from 10 minutes to several hours.

##### Materials

Handouts/transparencies included; additional materials will be needed depending on activities selected.

##### Standards

Complete list of all standards included at beginning of the activity.

NEED