The federal government primarily plays a coordinating and support role during disaster response. DOE’s role is to facilitate recovery from disruptions to the energy supply. OE’s capabilities and resources include personnel with emergency response and energy systems operations experience, leading-edge analytical modeling and visualization capabilities, coordination and contacts with private industry, state governments, and U.S. government agencies, and facilitation of special policy waivers or legal authorities by the Secretary of Energy.
National Response Framework ESF-12
This National Response Framework (NRF) is a guide to how the Nation conducts all-hazards response. Emergency Support Function #12 – Energy (ESF-12) under the (NRF) is an integral part of the larger DOE responsibility of maintaining continuous and reliable energy supplies for the Nation through preventive measures and restoration and recovery actions.
Emergency Support Function 12 - Energy Annex evaluates information on energy system damage and estimations on the impact of energy system outages within affected areas. It also facilitates restoration of energy systems and provides technical expertise.
Federal Power Act (FPA) Emergency Authority
Under the FPA, the Secretary of Energy may order temporary connections of facilities, and generation, delivery, interchange, or transmission of electricity as will best meet the emergency. War and electricity shortages are reasons to invoke the FPA, but it also allows for unspecified emergencies.