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Executive Orders Defining Tribal Relationships

  • Executive Order 13592 Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities (2011). Superseded EO 13021 to ensure that all American Indian students, regardless of which institution they attend, receive support from the federal government at elementary through college levels. This EO also creates an Interagency Working Group on AI/AN Education to establish educational goals across the government.
  •  Executive Order 13096 American Indian and Alaska Education (1998). Directs federal agencies to improve the academic performance of American Indian and Alaska Native students via six goals: (1) improving reading and mathematics (2) increasing high school completion and postsecondary attendance rates (3) reducing the influence of long-standing factors that impede educational performance, such as poverty and substance abuse (4) creating strong, safe, and drug-free school environments (5) improving science education (6) expanding the use of educational technology.
  • Executive Order 13175 Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (2000)Establishes standards for regular and meaningful consultation with Tribal officials to strengthen the government-to-government relationships with Indian tribes, including establishment of fundamental principles, policymaking criteria, special requirements of legislative proposals, consultation, accountability principles, and increasing flexibility for Indian Tribal Waivers.
  • Executive Order 12898 Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (1994). Directs each federal agency to make environmental justice part of its mission, and sets responsibilities for agencies including developing a strategy to identify and address “disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations.” This applies equally to Native American programs. This EO also directs “after consultation with tribal leaders” a new Interagency Working Group “shall coordinate steps to be taken pursuant to this order that address federally recognized Indian tribes.”
  •  Executive Order 13007 Indian Sacred Sites (1996). Directs each federal agency that manages federal lands to “(1) accommodate access to and ceremonial use of Indian sacred sites by Indian religious practitioners and (2) avoid adversely affecting the physical integrity of such sacred sites.” This EO also directs each federal agency to report to the President on “procedures implemented or proposed to facilitate with appropriate Indian tribes and religious leaders.”